Although Cameroon is less dependent on oil than other African oil exporting countries, oil revenue accounts for about 20% of total revenue and about 45% of total exports. The Cameroonian government continues to invest heavily in the infrastructure sector with 2015 as a notable year for the number of ongoing or completed projects, and with 2016 promising further improvements for Cameroon’s transport, telecoms and energy networks.
PPPs in Cameroon are currently governed by Law No. 2006/012 of December 29, 2006, enacting the general regulations of Partnership Contracts; Decree No. 2008/035 of January 23, 2008, organizing and creating the National Partnership Contracts Support Council (“Conseil d’Appui à la Réalisation des Contrats de Partenariat” – CARPA), and Decree No. 2008/0115/PM of January 24, 2008 regulating the Law No. 2006/012.
The process for determining which projects to finance through PPPs involves three actors: the public entity (line ministry, local authority or public enterprise), the Ministry of Finance, and CARPA. Each carries out one of the three phases: a pre-feasibility study (carried out by the public entity); a budgetary analysis (carried out by the Ministry of Finance); and a project assessment (carried out by CARPA). While the Ministry’s analysis relates to issues such as budget sustainability and financing, CARPA provides the expert assessment, such as analyzing whether a PPP would outperform other forms of procurement in terms of cost, efficiency and risk-sharing. CARPA plays a key role in later stages of the project cycle, such as determining compensation in the event of project cancellation or amendments, and is responsible for PPP capacity-building.
A number of PPPs have been signed within the new framework. Major PPP projects in the transportation sector include: the deep-sea port in Kribi, construction of a port at Limbe and the Douala-Yaoundé highway PPP.
The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) is published in the Global Competitiveness Report and assesses the competitiveness landscape of 140 economies. The GCI Infrastructure Score is a component of the overall index and covers transport, electricity and telephony infrastructure.
This study is a product of the Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD), a project designed to expand the world’s knowledge of physical infrastructure in Africa. The AICD provides a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured, making it possible to monitor the results achieved from donor support. It also offers a solid empirical foundation for prioritizing investments and designing policy reforms in Africa’s infrastructure sectors.
The focus of the AICD country reports is on benchmarking sector performance and quantifying the main financing and efficiency gaps at the country level. These reports are particularly relevant to national policy makers and development partners working on...
The Benchmarking Public-Private Partnerships Procurement 2015 report aims to support and enhance the decisions that feed into policy-making by highlighting key aspects of a country’s PPP legal and regulatory framework. The project that the report is based on follows the successful approach undertaken by the World Bank Global Indicators Group, which, with its Doing Business project, has a recognized track record of measuring a country’s laws and regulations and leveraging reform. The Doing Business project assesses the business climate of 189 economies against recognized good practices. Since its inception in 2003, the Doing Business project has inspired close to 2,000 reforms in business regulation.
The laws referenced in the report...