Lessons for the developing world
This paper presents an analysis of the structures adopted in selected countries for the management and financing of roads (China, Croatia, Brazil, Slovenia, New Zealand, the Slovak Republic and the United Kingdom). These countries have chosen approaches to manage their road networks that are specific to their needs and circumstances. Brazil considered that it was not necessary to have a separate Ministry of Transport and had established a Ministry of Infrastructure responsible for several sectors including transport, housing, energy and mines for a couple of years in the 1990s. However, this led to a loss of focus on each of the sectors and a separate Ministry of Transport was soon reinstated. Nevertheless, there are still a few...
Cover analysis report for Central and Eastern Europe
The 2007/8 concession laws assessment is part of the EBRD's efforts to improve the legal environment in its countries of operations. Through the Project, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) aims to encourage, influence and provide guidance to policy and law makers, while developing the concessions and PPP related legal reform in the region. In addition to concession laws assessment the EBRD has undertaken similar evaluations in secured transactions, corporate governance, bankruptcy and securities markets.
The assessment includes: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, FYR Macedonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia,...
This report analyzes barriers to and opportunities for private sector participation in district heating (DH) in the Western Balkan countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, and Serbia, as well as in Mongolia and Ukraine. Specifically, the report analyzes the legal and regulatory frameworks for public-private partnerships (PPP) and for DH in each of the countries, including an overview of the primary and secondary legislation, PPP preparation and approval processes, institutional setup of the DH sector, and heat tariff-setting procedures. In addition, the report describes international best practice for various business models for private sector participation in DH and provides country-specific recommendations to improve the...
This overview provides a summary of the public-private partnership (PPP) legal and institutional frameworks in the seven countries of the Western Balkans. It also contains recommendations on how to further strengthen the ability of public bodies to implement PPPs. It is intended primarily for public sector bodies responsible for promoting and overseeing PPPs in the Region. Nevertheless, the report may also be useful to international financial institutions and private sector stakeholders seeking to improve their understanding of the PPP framework in the Western Balkans.