The Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland. There is a large unmet demand for infrastructure, particularly in the transport and energy sectors.
The government of Gambia is currently working to improve the quality, cost-effectiveness, and timely provision of public infrastructure and services by adopting a PPP framework in an effort to boost private sector participation in the development of infrastructure. In January 2016, the Government launched The Gambia PPP program to address priority projects in the country.
The 2015 – 2020 National PPP Policy outlines a strategy for upgrading, developing and expanding the country’s infrastructure and services using PPPs and private sector participation. The Policy includes the development of a PPP Law. In line with the PPP policy, the government has developed a PPP office, which sits within the MoFEA.
Although there is no PPP law in place yet, article 47 of the 2001 Public Procurement Act (PPA) allows the procurement of privately financed infrastructure and services. The regulations for the procurement of privately financed infrastructure and services are set out in Articles 108-117 of the 2003 Public Procurement Regulations (PPR) and articles 114-117 deal with the handling of unsolicited proposals.
In 2016, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs of Gambia launched the Public Private Partnership Guidelines to provide a procedural framework on PPPs.
The Gambia has had limited experience with private sector participation in infrastructure. In 2006, a five-year management contract was awarded to the National Water and Electricity Company following an unsuccessful attempt in the 1990s. Most recently, the Gambia finalized a report highlighting ten priority PPP projects, some of which are at the feasibility stage and others are now being implemented.
The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) is published in the Global Competitiveness Report and assesses the competitiveness landscape of 140 economies. The GCI Infrastructure Score is a component of the overall index and covers transport, electricity and telephony infrastructure.