Lebanon’s economic performance has declined due to the refugee influx from Syria and falling oil prices. Given the lack of public funds, PPPs are seen as a feasible option to carry out infrastructure projects.
To help the development of PPP projects in the country, the government passed the Privatization Framework Law Number 228 of 2000, which set up the general framework for privatization (including PPPs) and established the Higher Council for Privatization (HCP). This law was updated in 2014 (Law 288/2014) and in 2015 the Law 54/2015 extended the term of Law 288/2014 for two years.
Despite this and ongoing interest in PPPs from the government and the private sector, a draft PPP law, which would grant HCP the authority to develop and procure projects, has remained in limbo since 2007 (along with many other draft bills currently). The HCP published a PPP guidance manual in 2014
and continues to push for the passing of the PPP Law.
Although the country does not have a dedicated PPP unit, any government entity authorized in accordance with the laws of Lebanon, including ministries, public institutions, municipalities and federations of municipalities can procure PPP projects.
The government of Lebanon has pursued private participation in infrastructure for several years, tendering a BOT for the Beirut Container Terminal in 2000 (subsequently terminated and re-tendered under a management contract) and a management contract for the Tripoli water network. The government continues to look at private participation in the ports and energy sectors, and special economic zones.
The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) is published in the Global Competitiveness Report and assesses the competitiveness landscape of 140 economies. The GCI Infrastructure Score is a component of the overall index and covers transport, electricity and telephony infrastructure.