Solid waste management has traditionally been a distinctly municipal responsibility in Nepal. The ineffective governance of the authorities responsible for solid waste management has led to the presence of significant amounts of unmanaged waste in cities around the country. Rapid and unplanned urban growth has exerted tremendous pressure on the urban environment and solid waste is visibly the worst environmental problem in many urban areas in the country.
This resilience use case reviews the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, which killed over 8,000 people and destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of buildings. It assesses how buildings and key parts of the economy, such as tourism, can be made more resilient, and describes potential resilience-building public-private partnership activities. As with the World Economic Forum’s report, Managing the Risk and Impact of Future Epidemics: Options for Public-Private Cooperation (June 2015), this use case aims to expand dialogue between the private sector, civil society, the international community and leaders, both in Nepal and in other countries that are at risk from such disasters.
OBA projects are delivering a range of essential services, from improved water supply to electricity access, reproductive health services, roads, telephone and Internet access, and education. OBA is also encouraging service providers to improve operational efficiency and provide innovative service solutions. For instance, a scheme in Nepal is subsidizing approximately 37,300 biogas plants for rural households to increase access to clean and affordable energy for cooking and lighting. Another project in Kenya is combining OBA with microfinance to enable small communitybased water providers in 55 communities to connect poor households to water services. This book contains many other examples. The authors also identify some cross-cutting...
From Handshake Issue #7: Road & Rail
Not unlike the philosophical musings that ponder the origin of the chicken and the egg, a similar causality puzzle has long perplexed city planners and proponents of road and rail infrastructure—if you build it, will they come?
Planners need to know that when they build a new road or rail connection, people will use it, justifying the cost of such expensive infrastructure. Cities with strong regional and international transportation links are more likely to have robust economies, but what drives their economic growth: the resourcefulness of a community, or its ability to efficiently connect and interact with a wider group?