This is a regulation that spells out the rights and responsibilities of EVN (the Vietnamese national utility) and retail service providers (i.e., affiliated and non-affiliated entities that purchase electricity at wholesale and resell this electricity at retail to end use customers. Vietnam has had considerable success in expanding grid electrification through standardization of construction standards and standardized contracts between EVN and the retail service providers. The number of connected rural households grew from 14% in 1993 to 94.5% in 2008. A more detailed description of the Vietnamese electrification program can be found in the presentation at the June 2009 Maputo workshop of Mr. Hung Van Tien (Marjorie/Raluca: please...
This is a standardized contract between EVN (the national utility of Vietnam) and local independent contractors who will provide meter reading, billing and minor repairs for retail customers. By using individuals from local communities to perform these services, EVN estimates that it saves 30 to 40% of what it would cost to provide the same services with one of its own employees. A typical service agent will be responsible for 30 to 100 households and will earn US $30 to 120 per month.
This new Technical Regulation on Rural Electrification (QDKT.DNT-2006) under the Vietnam – Sweden Rural Energy Programme/ Area 2 - Technical Standards for Rural Electrification/ Electric Networks (2005-2006) is an output of the cooperation between the Ministry of Industry and Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA).
This document aims to rehabilitate and develop rural distribution networks (medium and low voltages and off-grid systems) to meet with safety and reliability standards, meanwhile ensuring environmental protection, cost effectiveness and easy implementation. It also aims to ensure the development of the electricity of Vietnam in the transition period that is able to harmonize the current rural electricity.
This issue brief discusses five key lessons learned from PPIAF and the World Bank Group’s experiences in using output-based road maintenance contracts. By delivering efficient, cost-effective and innovative maintenance services, well-designed output and performance-based road maintenance contracts can help maintain road assets and achieve value-for-money. Output-based contracts can also help governments build experience in undertaking Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). Several factors need to be considered when designing and implementing these contracts to achieve their full benefits.
Potential and Pitfalls for Inclusive Green Growth
Public–private partnerships have become increasingly popular in global and Dutch development cooperation. The Dutch Directorate General for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation co-finances a substantial number of public–private partnerships in the fields of water and sanitation, food security and renewable energy, to enhance access to water, food and energy and thus contribute to economic development and poverty alleviation. Partnerships bring the private sector, civil society and public authorities together, a combination that is expected to improve public services delivery, enhance local representation and stimulate efficiency.
This study assesses the potential contribution of public– private partnerships to Inclusive Green...
Lessons learned in the aftermath of the crisis
Private participation in infrastructure has taken two distinct forms in the developing world. The first model, applied primarily in Latin America, focuses on privatization of existing infrastructure assets. The second, applied largely in East Asia, focuses on retaining existing assets in the public sector but seeking private sector involvement to augment capacity through new greenfield investments. The financial crisis that emerged in East Asia in mid-1997 threatened to undermine much of the progress the region had made in applying this second model to mobilize private investment and financing for infrastructure. This report describes the background of the 1997 financial crisis in East Asia and its impact on private investment in the...