This report aims to shift the debate regarding investment needs away from a simple focus on spending more and toward a focus on spending better on the right objectives, using relevant metrics. It does so by offering a careful and systematic approach to estimating the funding needs to close the service gaps in water and sanitation, transportation, electricity, irrigation, and flood protection. Exploring thousands of scenarios, this report finds
ADB’s new publication shows how governments and their development partners can use PPPs to promote more inclusive and sustainable growth. The study finds that successful PPP projects are predicated on well-designed contracts, a stable economy, good governance and sound regulations, and a high level of institutional capacity to handle PPPs.
The Global Infrastructure Hub released the reference tool which is a useful aid for policy-makers and practitioners in their quest to improve project preparation practices and their capacity for preparing quality infrastructure projects.
In 2016 the Government of Egypt has embarked on an ambitious and much needed transition towards a better economic policy. While the macroeconomic stability and market confidence have been largely restored, the overall fiscal situation remains challenging. With limited fiscal space, solely relying on public resources to fund infrastructure investments, will no longer be a viable strategy to meet the country's needs. Building on the success of
The Inter-American Development Bank, following its efforts to produce applied knowledge and evidence based analysis, has launched a new book entitled "Bringing PPPs into the Sunlight, Synergies Now and Pitfalls later?" This publication covers the institutional frameworks of PPPs with a focus on the implications for public finances in developing economies, offering practical policy recommendations for developing countries seeking to extract Value
During the first half of 2018, private investment commitments in energy, transport, information and communication technologies (ICT) backbone, and water infrastructure in low- and middle-income countries totaled US$43.5 billion across 164 projects.
Fragility, conflict, violence, and weak institutions are critical development challenges that have affected many countries. Using a set of outcome indicators, a total of 61 countries have been identified for this paper as an “Expanded list of Fragile and Conflict-Affected States.” Economic and financial conditions, business environment, and rule of law are usually weaker in EFCS countries, raising private sector investment’s risk in
This report analyzes trends in investment commitments in infrastructure projects with private sector participation in countries eligible for support from the International Development Association (IDA countries) during the five-year period from 2013 to 2017. The report analyzes investment commitments at the time of financial closure in energy, transport, water, and information and communication technologies (ICT) backbone projects serving the
The Global Infrastructure Hub, a G20 initiative, has published two reports that reveal an urgent need for infrastructure investment in 10 Compact with Africa countries, and highlight the reforms required to encourage greater investment.
Maximizing Finance for Development (MFD) is the World Bank Group’s approach to systematically leverage all sources of finance, expertise, and solutions to support developing countries’ sustainable growth. It leverages the private sector in sustainable ways that bolster scarce public resources.
The Private Participation in Infrastructure Database is a product of the World Bank Group’s Infrastructure, PPPs and Guarantees team. Its purpose is to identify and disseminate information on private participation in infrastructure projects in low- and middle-income countries. The database highlights the contractual arrangements used to attract private investment, the sources and destination of investment flows, and information on the main
This report provides a general overview of the projects that received financing from institutional investors and the share of institutional-investor contributions in the total investment garnered during the period of study. The report finds this share to be extremely low and as such the risks and barriers to institutional investment in infrastructure are also highlighted. The report also provides details about the institutional investors who
Delivery of public infrastructure and services is an important way through which developing countries in Asia and the Pacific can work toward achieving their Sustainable Development Goals. Most countries in the region, in line with similar global trends, are striving to involve the private sector in the provision of needed infrastructure and services. In this context, public-private partnerships (PPPs) have become a dominant model. This
"Recycling our Infrastructure for Future Generations" takes a closer look at an emerging approach to financing new infrastructure, which is known as “Asset Recycling”. Insights presented in this report demonstrate that Asset Recycling in infrastructure has the potential to significantly increase levels of investment and help close the financing gap. This is the result of creating alignment with long-term institutional investors that have a
This publication provides information on the PPP business environment in nine ADB developing member countries to help public sector policy makers improve private sector participation in infrastructure projects. The first edition of the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Monitor tracks the development of the PPP business environment as well as the challenges of doing PPPs in nine of the ADB’s developing member countries (DMCs): Bangladesh, the
This PPIAF-funded report aims to discuss and disseminate information on how Islamic finance has been applied in infrastructure projects through PPP schemes, what the structural challenges and solutions are, and what can be done to deepen and maximize the use of Islamic finance for this purpose. This report has two broad dimensions. The first is to enhance the understanding of Islamic finance building blocks as they relate to financing
Growth prospects for developing Asia are looking up, bolstered by a revival in world trade and strong momentum in the People’s Republic of China. The region is forecast to expand by 5.9% in 2017 and 5.8% in 2018, a slight upgrade from Asian Development Outlook 2017. Excluding the newly industrialized economies, the region is expected to grow by 6.4% this year and 6.3% in 2018. Rebounds in international food and fuel prices are gentler than
When it comes to infrastructure projects, “unsolicited proposals” (USPs) represent an alternative to the traditional project initiation method where the private sector, rather than the government, takes the leading role in identifying and developing a project. In practice, many public authorities across the world resort to USPs motivated by the perspective of solving the challenges brought by their lack of capacity to identify and develop
The complexity of public-private partnership (PPP) transactions often means that considerable time and expense is involved in preparing and finalizing the contract. This has led many stakeholders to ask for standardized provisions in such contracts to allow for a quicker and less expensive drafting process. Given the variety of PPP transactions and legal systems, as well as the need for "tailor-made" provisions, the development of fully
Facilities Management Public-Private Partnerships represent a growing percentage of all PPPs being delivered today worldwide and in Europe. In the sectors of health and education, which are the focus of this policy guidelines paper, the Facilities Management PPP approach has proven viable, with some one-third of all new PPPs being prepared worldwide. And with good reason: both types of ‘social infrastructure’ require dedicated management of the
Developing Asia will need to invest $1.7 trillion per year in infrastructure until 2030 to maintain its growth momentum, tackle poverty, and respond to climate change. This report examines developing Asia’s infrastructure—defined as transport, power, telecommunications, water supply and sanitation. It examines how much the region has been investing in infrastructure and what will likely be needed through 2030. It also analyzes the challenges
The PPI Database is comprised of information on more than 8,700 infrastructure projects with private participation, dating from 1984 to 2016. This report presents the latest data from 2016, and analyzes trends in investment primarily over the past six years, breaking down the data by region, country, infrastructure sector, and sources of financing.
There are several features of the regional economic environment that deserve special treatment, such as small market sizes, shared legal and regulatory systems, capacity constraints within governments, high investment needs and limited fiscal space. Therefore, PPP learning materials developed in other parts of the world require adapting to these Caribbean-specific characteristics. This Caribbean PPP Toolkit includes a set of pragmatic tools
Major improvements in infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are needed in the next decade to sustain economic growth and social progress. According to the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), infrastructure investment in the region averaged 3.5% of GDP in the 1980s, but in subsequent decades declined to an average range of 2–3% of GDP. Moreover, the International Monetary Fund
We welcome our new partners and invite you to discover their key resources in PPPs
UNECE’s blog on the Lab’s vital role and why they decided to join
Securing the full useable-life of a road is critical for countries with limited budgets for road maintenance and rehabilitation. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has published a new policy paper looking at the challenges of implementing performance-based contracting methods in the road sector.
An E-Learning Series produced by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) offers online training materials that address the major issues related to PPPs.
Expand your knowledge of PPPs with the World Bank Group’s PPP Webinar Series. Topics covered in 2016 include identifying and screening PPP proposals, the use of Islamic debt in PPP projects, and PPPs in Brazil after the Rio Olympic Games.
The PPP Standard for a Zero Tolerance Approach to Corruption in "People-First" PPP Procurement, prepared by an international project team working under the auspices of the UNECE International PPP Centre of Excellence, is currently being peer reviewed. We welcome comments at firstname.lastname@example.org until 31 December 2016.
Public-private partnerships present a severe organizational and institutional challenge for the public sector. To work well they require well-functioning institutions, transparent, efficient procedures and accountable and competent public and private sectors, i.e. good governance. This Guidebook by UNECE will help improve government capacity at all levels to implement PPPs successfully.
EPEC's review of the European PPP Market features noteworthy updates for PPP transactions in the region for the first half of 2016.
Vietnam scored above the average of East Asia Pacific countries in the stages of PPP projects in the World Bank’s Benchmarking PPP Procurement report with private sector investment in infrastructure totaling US$11.3 billion between 1990 and 2015. This report presents the results from PPIAF’s independent impact assessment of its support and lessons learned in Vietnam.
Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country and largest economy, still faces infrastructure challenges, despite having committed US$38.96 billion in infrastructure investments since 2000, and having 37 active PPP projects. This report presents the results of PPIAF's independent impact assessment of its support.
No methodology has yet been generally accepted for assessing the significance of climate risks relative to all other risks to water resources projects. This book outlines a pragmatic process for risk assessment of water resources projects that can serve as a decision support tool to assist project planning under uncertainty.
A new tool to help public authorities better understand statistical rules and take well-informed PPP procurement decisions in EU Member States.
Many economies are yet to adopt broadly recognized good practices to prepare, procure, and manage Public-Private Partnerships (PPP). This new report flags potential improvements that can help governments fill the gap in an effort to provide better PPP procurement and enable better infrastructure service delivery to all.
How can governments know whether a PPP project will represent value for money? A new toolkit by UN ESCAP supports the identification and selection of PPP projects. The toolkit is based on international best practice and experiences and is designed for screening PPP projects in Asia and the Pacific.
How do you ensure that PPPs represent value for money? This OECD document provides concrete guidance for policy makers to make sure that is the case.
Please join us in welcoming our newest PPP Lab partners, OECD and EIB. Learn more about their work and find their publications in our site.
This new tool serves as a self-check to help public authorities identify potential weaknesses during the project preparation stage, while also helping develop a structured approach to managing the PPP preparation process.
For the rural community in Busembatia, Uganda, clean water means being able to go to work and school. Learn more about this project that changed lives by providing thousands of families with clean piped water for the first time.
This note explains how OBA can add value to a PPP by ensuring that private investment benefits poor populations, and offers three case studies (Bangladesh, Liberia, Philippines).
The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a central hub of information, data, and tools about climate change around the world. The portal provides links to several climate change adaption tools.
The Climate and Disaster Risk Screening Tools help determine short- and long-term climate and disaster risks in agriculture, coastal flood protection, energy, health, roads, water among others.
Which countries captured the largest share of water investments in 2015? Find out in this new note covering PPI in the water sector in 2015.
What were the trends in PPI investment for transport? The PPI database has just released this note for PPI investments in 2015.
Which sector saw the largest increase in private participation in infrastructure (PPI) in 2015? This sector note examines the trends in energy.
ThinkHazard! is a new web-based tool enabling non-specialists to consider the impacts of disasters on new development projects. Users of ThinkHazard! can quickly and robustly assess the level of river flood, earthquake, drought, cyclone, coastal flood, tsunami, volcano, and landslide hazard within their project area to assist with project planning and design.
This report uses data from the PPI Database to analyze broad trends of PPP investment in infrastructure from 1991 to 2015. It examines factors behind the growth and declines in investment; explores the use of financial instruments, the role of government support, MDB assistance and the procurement process; and it assesses renegotiations and cancelations, as well as the overall readiness of countries to implement
Sometimes PPPs are the answer to delivering better infrastructure and services, sometimes they are not. Our new Tools will enable stakeholders to make more informed decisions.
Uruguay launches first educational infrastructure project, for the construction of new infrastructure and expansion of primary education.
This new publication presents the benefits of reducing and controling non-revenue water and looks at approaches for managing it.
Understanding risks is essential to every PPP agreement. This new Global Infrastructure Hub interactive guide provides guidance on typical risk allocations between the public and private sectors.
Every city has pockets of underused or distressed land, and these decaying areas weaken the city's image, livability, and productivity. This report looks at 8 cities, which have faced major urban revitalization challenges, to provide a framework other cities can use to navigate these issues.
Urban Revitalization refers to a set of initiatives aimed at reorganizing an existing city structure. A revitalized urban space, with effective infrastructure, can create the conditions for an efficient city, capable of promoting innovation, a higher quality of life, and economic development.
The brand new APMG PPP Certification Program, supported by global MDBs, aims to foster increased understanding and expertise in public-private partnerships.
Explore the wealth of PPP resources in French contained in the joint Knowledge Lab and PPIAF library | Découvrez les abondantes ressources sur les PPP en français dans la bibliothèque commune du PPP Knowledge Lab et du PPIAF.
The new PPP Reference Guide in French, adapted to the Francophone context, features new case studies as well as new sections on environmental and social impact mitigation. / Le nouveau Guide de référence des PPP en français est adapté au contexte des pays francophones et contient de nouvelles études de cas ainsi que des nouvelles sections sur la mitigation de l’impact environnemental et social.
The new PPP Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) in French, organized by the World Bank Group on Coursera starts June 13. The four-week free online course will provide a basic understanding of key PPP principles and how they can be used to address infrastructure needs in emerging markets.
Read about PPP frameworks in Burkina Faso, Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, and Sudan on the Lab’s new country pages. Project data and infrastructure indicators provide an overview of the PPP environment. The pages also feature a section on laws and policies, and a list of useful resources.
While the demand for food is expected to increase by 70 percent by 2050, supply is coming under pressure. Explore the new agribusiness pages on the Lab, which include sections on grain storage and irrigation, and read more about key issues facing PPPs in the sector.
Find out how PPPs can help governments capture growth in the tourism and travel sector and manage it to drive prosperity. Explore the new tourism section on the Lab, which includes subpages on national park and heritage PPPs.
A well-structured PPP can result in significant improvements in efficiency and quality of solid waste management. Read more in the Lab’s new waste section, which includes a summary of the key issues facing PPPs in waste management and a list of useful resources.
Explore new pages for Cape Verde, Comoros, Ethiopia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. See key infrastructure metrics and summaries of PPP activity.
Explore the Lab's resources on water PPPs, including subsector pages on irrigation, small-scale, and urban water PPPs.
The multilateral development banks (MDBs) have collaborated on a number of PPP activities, including knowledge sharing events, learning and knowledge resources, and joint facilities and projects. Explore these activities on the new MDB joint activities page.
The new issue of Handshake, a World Bank Group biannual publication on PPPs, explores the various ways that data can facilitate smarter investments in infrastructure. Read the latest issue on the Lab, which includes articles contributed by the Islamic Development Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank.
This publication examines issues to be considered to integrate climate risk and resilience in infrastructure PPPs. It also reviews PPP contractual arrangements and their existing protection measures as well as challenges in managing climate risks.
How can PPPs expand the role of the private sector in irrigation, mobilize expertise and ensure medium- to long-term sustainability? A new toolkit from the World Bank Group provides answers to these questions and features a case study from the Asian Development Bank.
Explore the new Caribbean country pages, which now include key infrastructure metrics and summaries of PPP activity in Antigua & Barbuda, Belize, Bolivia, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Suriname.
Explore Peru’s PPP activity on the newly updated country page. Working together with Peru’s PPP Unit, the country page has been updated to reflect to most up-to-date information, including recently passed legislation and active projects.
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) supports governments in Asia-Pacific in implementing measures to efficiently involve the private sector in infrastructure development. ESCAP has recently developed PPP case studies, which promote the exchange of experience among the countries of the region.
Explore the new section on PPPs and gender inclusion on the WBG’s Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure Resource Center (PPPIRC) website. The pages are currently in draft and PPPIRC is seeking input to enhance their work around the impact of PPPs on gender inclusion.
The global update on private participation in infrastructure (PPI) for the first half of 2015 is available from the WBG’s PPI Database. The data shows that total investment commitments with private sector participation in energy, transport, and water sectors fell over 50% in the first half of 2015 compared to the first half of 2014.
Explore new content on municipal PPPs. Produced jointly by the WBG and EBRD, and drawing upon resources from EPEC, the municipal PPP section includes content on urban transport, public lighting, urban water, and district heating and cooling.
This volume contains detailed studies on the disclosure policy and practice of PPPs in 13 jurisdictions. The jurisdictions were studied as part of the research and analysis carried out under the Disclosure in PPP Project jointly implemented and funded by the WBG and PPIAF.
Built by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), Infrascope is a benchmarking index and study that assesses the capacity of countries to deliver sustainable public-private partnerships in infrastructure. Read the latest regional Infrascopes here.