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Sectors

Sector-level PPP overview of characteristics and trends, a summary of the main issues and links to helpful resources.

Agriculture and related sectors directly affect the lives of most of the world’s population. The sector employs over 40 percent of the population, including 70 percent of the “bottom billion”. Agriculture also accounts for more than 70 percent of the world’s fresh water consumption and contributes to around 30 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Developing adequate infrastructure and improving efficiency along the agriculture value-chain have a direct positive impact in the...

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Sub-sectors

Significant progress has been made over the past few decades towards increasing access to education at all levels and improving basic literacy. However, there are still major deficiencies in the quality of education at all levels, access to early childhood education, as well as gender equality and access to higher education. 

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for education set targets for 2030 that include, among others, full access to high quality schooling from early...

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Access to affordable, quality healthcare is a key driver of economic growth and development. However, persistent epidemics, a rising incidence of non-communicable disease, increasing cost and complexity of diagnosis and treatment, along with growing global demand for more and improved healthcare come together to create a complicated and costly challenge.

As these needs and expectations grow for more and better health care services, most countries face serious resource constraints. The...

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ICT

Improved mobile and broadband access is one of the most fundamental enablers of private sector growth and job creation today, especially in emerging markets. It creates business opportunities and has a profound impact on the lives of those it reaches, quickly increasing the inclusion of people once cut off from economic growth.

Reforms in information and communications technology (ICT) have happened fast.  New mobile technology has filled gaps in countries where there was no service at...

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Sub-sectors

Municipal governments provide many essential and basic infrastructure services, for example the delivery and management of solid waste, water, electricity, health, education, urban passenger transport, and street lighting services. And as the proportion of the world’s population living in urban areas continues to grow (according to the United Nations, 66 percent of the world’s population will live in urban areas by 2050 up from 54 percent in 2014 ...

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Sub-sectors

Access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy is vital to ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity. While there have been substantial strides in improving access in recent years, today more than 1.1 billion people live without access to electricity worldwide, almost all of them in developing countries.  

Bringing people their first power connections and making existing connections more reliable will require a huge level of...

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Sub-sectors

Tourism in emerging markets around the world is on the rise, with the share of international tourism receipts spent in developing countries reaching almost 40 percent, a figure which has doubled since 1980. With faster connections, a burgeoning middle class and a rapidly increasing array of options for travelers, it is likely these numbers will only continue to grow in the coming years.

In the face of this...

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Sub-sectors

Transport is a key driver of economic and social development, bringing opportunities for the poor and enabling economies to be more competitive. Transport infrastructure connects people to jobs, education, and health services, and enables the supply of goods and services around the world. Modernizing ports, airports, roads, railroads and urban transportation systems is essential to development. Incomplete and inadequate transportation infrastructure can mean the difference between...

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Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. Today at least 663 million people lack access to safe drinking water and 2.4 billion lack access to improved sanitation, such as a toilet or latrine. By 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water.

Improving the way we conserve, manage, and deliver water is fundamental to solving this water crisis and achieving universal and...

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Sub-sectors