Encouraging economic growth is seen as the key driver to achieving a wide range of policy objectives, such as raising living standards and improving the well-being of citizens. However, in urban areas these gains are offset by increased car ownership and use, resulting in the often chronic levels of traffic congestion seen today. Combined with the need to ensure sustainable mobility policies for the future, policies are increasingly promoting the use of public transport and non-vehicular transport modes to develop energy-efficient mobility. Moreover, within an increasingly developed transport network, where user trips combine multiple modes, each offering its own level of accessibility and service, transport schemes need to ensure connectivity within the overall transport network to secure ridership and ensure their own sustainability.
Public bodies need to provide a coherent policy response to include integrated urban policies, sustainable funding sources with increasing efficiency and profitability and innovative public transport services that offer high quality mobility solutions. Delivery of urban transport schemes, arguably more than any other sector, requires a strong public body with authority to achieve inter-jurisdiction coordination across the urban conurbation, ensure rights of way, take charge of project delivery, monitor contract compliance, and enforce service standards. The use of public-private partnerships intensifies these requirements by exposing and quantifying related risks insofar as they relate to the specific component of the transport network under PPP delivery. Under a stable revenue structure and operating environment, PPP projects can successfully deliver successful projects by capitalizing on the private sectors ability and contracted incentives to provide efficient and sustainable transport services.